In some South Asia and African countries,there are many conflicts between human beings and elephants,because the wild elephants often walk to the crops and farms to destroy them or human beings will kill the elephants for their acts,so there is very necessary to build a elephant fence to stop the elephants and stop people killing them.
To build up a elephant fencing,you will need to consider these below:
1,The area to fence the elephants
2,The power supply for energiser
3,What kind of energiser to use
After that,you can start to plan the installation,here we can talk about the material needed for an elephant fencing:
1,Electric fence energiser
You need an solar fence energiser with at least 5 Joules energy output,above 7KV,for example,TH-Polar S5 solar energiser,with 5 Joules energy output,12KV pulse,covering a 30km area at most.
Usually high tensile steel wire is recommended for the elephant fencing,because it can withstand the ultra high pressure from the elephants.Besides,polywire is an option.
Metal post over 4 ft is recommend,both ok for round or square,and wood post is also available,just make sure it is thick enough.And the height of the fence post has to be over 2 meters at least,since the shoulder of elephant is over 2m,and the height of a mature elephant is about 3m.
Insulator is acting as the insulated from the voltage to the post or to the ground.You can use porcelain or plastic material.
To ensure the elephant receive the enough electric shock from the energiser,you should make a proper grounding by stepping a metal rod of 2m into the earth,and if the soil is dry,you need to have 3 grounding rods connecting together.
To remove the vegetation or grass around the fence to avoid shorting.
There needs to be a fence gate to be insulated from the voltage,gate handle,gate spring constitutes a fence gate,so you can go in or out of the fenced area without receiving a electric shock.
It is necessary to hang the warning sign on the electrified fence to indicate there is electric shock.
PS:Razor or barbed wire is not allowed or discourage to use on elephant fencing,since it will hurt the elephants badly.
Reasons why elephants break the fences:
1,There is water and food inside or outside the fenced area
2,They are in a bad temper for stimulus
So it is very necessary to maintain the electrical fence on a period time,and fix the break of electricity.And theft is a reason why electrified fence does not work,make a metal box to lock the energiser,battery and solar panel inside.